Top 5 Innovators in Sexual Health
Cindy Gallop made a splash in 2009 in which she spoke at TED about how hardcore porn has directly affected her life. She goes on to explain that porn creates unrealistic expectations of both men and women in sexual relationships. She also points out that pornography has a way of acting as sexual education tool for children in schools that teach abstinence only. In response to this cultural phenomenon she created MakeLoveNotPorn a website dedicated to initiating a conversation about sex and healthy sexual relationships. This site is a platform for both men and women to engage in a meaningful conversation about sexual relationships outside of porn.
Wise Guyz is a program that began when the founders realized that most sexual health education was geared toward women and that although teen pregnancies were declining, domestic violence, STIs, and homophobia were on the rise. They realized that most boys were seeing troubling images in the media of what it meant to be a man. This is why Wise Guyz was founded, to combat these problematic messages and educate young men on issues such as human rights, sexual health, gender, and positive relationships.
Ovatemp helps women regain control of their reproductive health through the Fertility Awareness Method (FAM). This method involves women tracking their cycles allowing them to either achieve or avoid pregnancy naturally. The Ovatemp app syncs to a Bluetooth thermometer to track the users temperature and combined with elements of traditional charting can pinpoint on which days women are ovulating. Their product is more than just a charting app. It has a support community and gives advice on how to get your reproductive health into ideal shape helping women to be empowered in their reproductive health.
Callisto is changing the way that sexual assault is reported on college campuses. According to their website one in five women will be sexually assaulted in college, and many men are as well. Yet, less than 10% of those assaulted report it to the college or police. They have created a third-party sexual assault reporting system designed to provide a safe and confidential reporting environment. Their system has a three-step process that allows the user to control their report every step of the way. Callisto empowers survivors to have control in a situation where there is seemingly none.
The STD Project facilitates and encourages awareness about STD’s through education and eradicating the stigma around STD’s. Their core values as listed on their website, are awareness mindfulness, education, advocacy, and acceptance. The website provides facts and resources in hoping to inform people about how to seek help if you have questions about an STD, how to get tested, and how to prevent the spread of STD’s. The STD Project is out to educate the masses and by doing so hope t hat STD’s will become something of the past
Sex Ed That Goes Beyond Sex
By Michael Pletta
Picture is linked to source. Original article written by By Leslie Garrett.
The first time I was introduced to sexual education was back in elementary school. Our teacher, Ms. Isabel, briefly murmured at the end of class that at the end of the week all sixth grade students would be watching a video on “changes in our bodies”. This interesting and slightly unnerving description of the video was the talk of the town -- or at least of the sixth grade. Our attentiveness was gone with the mention of the concept of sex and the only learning our class did that week was finding out who’s parents weren’t going to let their kids watch.
My mom had always been very open with me about sexual health and health in general since she worked in the medical field. Every time I had what we called, “a body question”, her dusty college anatomy book quickly came out. Flipping through the pictures and reading scientific explanations was my foundation for sexual education. So of course, with no hesitation, she allowed me to watch “the movie”.
It was finally Friday. As class came to an end, the girls and boys were separated into their own rooms. In the boy’s room, a teacher that I had never met before stood in front of the class. He was going to be holding the discussion. Since Ms. Isabel was a woman, I’m assuming she ended up with the girls. Regardless, a majority of our class didn’t know the man who was about to talk to us about manhood.
The class started off with the movie. After the conclusion of the 1970’s film, there was a brief open discussion. Some of my peers spoke freely, asking questions and expressing interest. I, however, did not. When there were no more questions left we were sent off with a party-favor-like goodie bag filled with deodorant, combs, and a few other toiletry items. To this day I am convinced that in some way that brown paper bag was my official certificate into manhood. That was it; I was now a certified man. We were even inducted by the wise elders.
This hour-long fiasco resulted in not much more than the next week’s rumors of what had been said in the other sex’s class and who asked what questions.
My next run-in with sex ed was in high school when all sophomores were forced to take a class called Health. Health class was enjoyable because it focused on a wide variety of topics. The teacher, Ms. Leekly, covered healthy eating, proper exercise, and we even had a day of meditation. And then there was our sexual health unit. Now, Ms. Leekly was very blunt with the class. She knew that the STDs and STIs we were learning about were sensitive topics, so she made it a point to make the sensitivity clear and let us know that we can always talk to her one-on-one. I think this really helped some quieter students get questions answered.
But again, in a similar fashion as in sixth grade, I felt like the mechanics of sex, the importance of protection, and the harm of STDs were just thrown at us. It was purely physical. We never discussed concepts like emotional cues, the importance of gender equality in relationships, and homosexuality. With such a heteronormative syllabus, I cannot imagine how out of place a young LGBTQ+ member would have felt. Reflecting on my own experiences of school taught sexual education, I realized that there must be a better way.
I came across a medium article written about a school in Canada called Georges P. Vanier Junior High School that truly teaches sexual education differently. WiseGuyz, a nonprofit based in Calgary, recently set out to reshape the way youth, especially young males, learn sex ed. By covering broader categories like the over sexualized representation of women in the media and the social concept of masculinity, these WiseGuyz are trying to tackle the problem with sex ed head on.
Students covered modules on human rights, gender, sexual health, and healthy relationships in general. Within these categories, students say topics can range from sexual violence to consent, and from LGBTQ+ relationships to homophobia. The topics are diverse and cover social ground that normal sexual education steers away from.
With such a diverse syllabus comes a lot of learning. Their hope with the program is to grow awareness for young males so they can make more educated decisions. The Calgary Sexual Health Centre claims that many cases of STD’s and STI’s happen to young boys who are not informed well enough to know to use protection during sex. The WiseGuyz know that the solution to a healthier, more sexually conscious society is information and education, and the results of the program seem to agree.
The United States also has to start making more of an effort to reshape their sexual education programs and move beyond the videos of "How to Put a Condom on a Banana" if they want to improve sexual health. If programs like WiseGuyz continue to prove themselves successful, then it’s only a matter of time before everyone else finally understands the importance of the social implications of sexual education and decides to follow suit.
Check out the article below:
STD Triage: The App that no one wants to reviewJune 17, 2013By Alexander Börve Worried about that rash “down there”. Hmm…it’s probably nothing, but that one-night stand two weeks ago without a condom is still in the back of your mind. Going to the doctor is too embarrassing and takes a lot of time. It’ll probably just go away on it’s own…right? WRONG! Many of the 19 million Americans who discover they have an STD every year (in addition to the estimated 100 million Americans who live with an STD source: CDC) have probably had this thought before and could have avoided the anxiety and embarrassment early on, as well as avoided spreading the infection. Is there an app to help people overcome their embarrassment to see a doctor? STD Triage, is an app and website which provides discreet sexually transmitted disease (STD) screening assessments by licensed dermatologists within 24 hours via anonymous photos submitted by the user. Approximately 70% of the cases are benign and are given self-treatment information, in 5% of cases, the user is advised to see a doctor in person right away to get a definitive diagnosis. The remaining 25% are advised to get STD tested.
Hello Android!Today the service has released their Android app, which complements the already released iPhone and web apps which have been extensively covered by the press and featured on CNN as well as Wired among many others. The STD service launched in Marchas a spin-off from the original iDoc24 app where you can ask a dermatologist about any skin query anonymously. “The creation of the STD app was a good way for iDoc24 to penetrate the US market.” Dr Börve said. The iPhone app has had over 4000 downloads and up to 100 weekly cases from worried users. One happy anonymous user’s feedback was: “I used the service while on holiday, I was very satisfied with the service, the answer I received relieved my anxiety“. Users from 120 countries have downloaded the app so far, which is available in English, Spanish and Swedish. There are only four iTunes reviews out of the 4,000 downloads (all 5 stars), only one of them coming from the US.
Show Me Some LoveWhy doesn’t anyone want to rate the app? Dr Börve explains that they did not think of creating an app with five star reviews that would go “viral”, but to help worried souls out there. There is a huge stigma around intimate worries; it is not something that you want to talk about with friends, or even with your partner, which without communication can in turn ruin a relationship. “You would think that the many relieved users would be happy to review the app and recommend the service. Dr Börve said. “However, reviewing an app might give away the user’s real identity and this topic is embarrassing, nobody wants to broadcast “What a great app! I was told I had herpes within 24 hours!” Dr Börve continues.
Growing NetworkSTD Triage has been contacted by several companies in the online STD Testing space. “We are currently working on several contracts to be announced soon. We have also received interest from university student health clinics and NGOs focused on sexual health and well being, we know we are moving in the right direction” Dr Börve said. An STD Triage infographic inclusive all of the statistics can be found here
Dating Sites for Individuals with STDs / STIsMay 28, 2013By Kira Hoffman
Dating Site Options
1. PositiveSingles.comhttp://www.positivesingles.com/ The “Positive Singles” slogan is, “Stay Positive! Find Love, Support & Happiness”. The site emphasizes the fact that each member is “not alone”. Members can be heterosexual or homosexual and you can join whether you are living with a curable or incurable STD. The site is free to join, although you have to pay a fee if you would like to contact others on the site.
2. HMates.comhttp://hmates.com/ “HMates” is a dating site specifically geared to individuals with Herpes and/or HPV. Members can be heterosexual or homosexual and when you create your account for free, you can choose to view other profiles located within a certain distance of yourself. The site is advertised as being “Norton Safe Web certified” and free to join, however to contact particular individuals you have to pay a monthly fee.
3. GenitalWartsPatients.comhttp://www.genitalwartspatients.com/home.php Not specifically advertised as a dating site, “Genital Warts Patients” is a Social Networking site. The site is advertised as a “supportive online community”. Accounts also appear to be free. Read full post
The Pre-Antibiotic Age: Not Ideal for Gonorrhea InfectionsBy Daniel Peixoto IrbyUCB-UCSF Joint Medical Program, MS Candidate 2013, MD Candidate 2015 [caption id="attachment_1007" align="alignleft" width="178"] Image credit: Atticpaper.com[/caption]
When I was a kid, my mother took me to visit her family in Brazil in years when we had time. There, I got into all sorts of scrapes, trips, and cuts, as kids do. When that happened, my grandmother, who grew up on a farm, would pin me down and paint this stinging stuff onto the affected area. Mertiolate, it was called there. I still remember its harsh-sounding name, its acrid smell, the sting, and the cooling after-sensation when my grandma would blow on my cut. Maybe you had a similar experience-- but this is probably not where we want to go back to if one of us or one of our friends, god forbid, were to come down with gonorrhea. Recent scientific reports indicate that it’s just a matter of time, unless new antibiotics are discovered that slow these dread bugs. Back before antibiotics, gonorrhea and many other infections were treated with things like mercurochrome-- I think we would all prefer to keep that a historical footnote.
The Age of AntibioticsAntibiotics revolutionized the treatment of gonorrhea in the 1930s, but by the 1940s the sulfa class of antibiotics were increasingly ineffectual. This would turn out to be a harbinger of things to come. At the time, penicillin was quick to stem the tide, until the mid-1970s, when the critters cracked that nut. No sweat: we had fluoroquinolones. Some intrepid gonorrhea evolved into the oddly-named QRNG: Check (as in chess). (By now we’re resigned to the dismaying arc of the story.) In 2010, we were down to the futuristic-sounding cephalosporins. Guess what? Well, it’s not quite to the point where nothing works. But there are some disturbing trends, and some facts about which you should be aware. N. gonorrhoeae resistance to cephalosporins first emerged in East Asia in the early 2000s, then France (2009), Spain (2010), and recently CDC surveillance has indicated that cephalosporins are not working as well as they used to against gonorrhea in the US. This emergence has tracked along where previous QRNG emerged: Hawaii, California, and the rest of the western US, and especially in the populations of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men. The idea to go back to some of the older antibiotics that were shelved in the fight against gonorrhea has been batted around, but resistance rates have been remeasured by CDC surveillance (who ever said the government never did anything for you?) and were found to be between 12 and 24 percent for various older antibiotics. This means that the days of going to a doctor and getting effective antibiotics on the spot for a gonorrhea infection are likely numbered. Some other facts to know are that effective treatment of gonorrhea now relies increasingly on the ability of the treating facility to have access to a laboratory that can do the appropriate cultures (gonorrhea is still cultured, as there are not yet any widely-available fancy tests like those used in diagnosing HIV). This is important to keep in mind if you or someone you know is seeking treatment for gonorrhea. A key reason for this is that research has suggested that antibiotic-resistant strains of gonorrhea, which we know are on the rise, will cause worse infections if left untreated-- that is, they are probably both harder to treat and worse for the infected individual.
Gohorrhea BasicsSome basics about gonorrhea: N. gonorrhoeae is a bacterium that thrives inside human cells, is transmitted sexually, and causes an infection often known as “The Clap” (from the French for brothel). Sexually-contracted gonorrhea most frequently infects the throat, the cervix, the urethra in both sexes (“the pee tube”), and the rectum. Rectal, throat, and cervical infections are often asymptomatic. About half of women and around 5 percent of men who are infected show no symptoms. When there are symptoms, they are burning with urination and penile discharge men, and pelvic pain and vaginal discharge in women. Gonorrhea can lead to infertility (in both sexes, but more commonly in women), increased risk of ectopic pregnancy (a life-threatening situation), increased risk of contracting HIV from sexual contact, and can even be fatal. With an estimated 700,000 new cases of gonorrhea in the US each year, and the rise of the nasty and the nastier strains of gonorrhea, this is something to keep your eye on.
ReferencesCDC Grand Rounds: The Growing Threat of Multidrugg-Resistant Gonorrhea (February 013) (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6206a3.htm) LA Times: New 'superbug' strain of gonorrhea resistant to all available antibiotics; researchers fear global outbreak (July 2011) (http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jul/11/news/la-heb-antibiotic-resistant-gonorrhea-07112011) LA Times: Antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea discovered; are 'superbug' chlamydia, syphilis strains next? (July 2011) (http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jul/12/news/la-heb-bacterial-stds-20110712) Read full post Daniel Peixoto IrbyUCB-UCSF Joint Medical Program, MS Candidate 2013, MD Candidate 2015 Back in 2006 when the FDA approved the HPV vaccine for girls, I remember wondering, “Why not vaccinate boys, too?” Although the FDA did subsequently approve the vaccine for use in males, it was not something that I heard much about. Which is why my eyebrows went up when I read that Australia has not only been having excellent uptake among girls and women for their HPV vaccination program, but has also, beginning February of this year, rolled out a national vaccination program for boys aged 14-15 (See the details from the Australian Cancer Council here). The quadrivalent vaccine (Guardasil, Merck) protects against four strains of HPV. Strains 16 and 18 cause 70 percent of cervical cancers in women, and strains 6 and 11 cause 90 percent of genital warts, overall. There is also a bivalent vaccine (Cervarix, GSK) that protects mainly against HPVs 16 and 18. Outright cervical cancer is not something we hear too much about in the US, in large part because the Pap smear is effective at catching precancerous changes that may precede cervical cancer. But in regions of the world where screening is less readily available, cervical cancer is more common: between 3 and 7 times more common (relative to the US) in Sub-Saharan Africa, South America, and Southeast Asia, according to the WHO. Cervical cancer is perhaps the most preventable cancer -- and preventing cancer is something we should be all about. Read full post Daniel Peixoto IrbyUCB-UCSF Joint Medical Program, MS Candidate 2013, MD Candidate 2015
A Doctor's TricksHow doctors remember things is important-- but sometimes medical habits betray a troubling prudishness about sexual matters. Let’s talk about herpes, for example. As a medical student, I make friends with mnemonics (memory devices, such as GET SMASHED for the causes of pancreatitis, which includes “scorpion sting” for the curious). We have oodles of these things, from the memorable “S2, S3, S4 keep the penis off the floor”), to the ho-hum, “Tzanck heavens I don’t have herpes”-- but wait, the helpful reminder about the diagnostic utility of the Tzanck smear aside, what is up with that? Medical students don’t have herpes? I had some questions when I read that. For instance, how many people really have herpes, and what is the best way to prevent its spread (a natural question when you don’t just assume that people with herpes are shadowy, distant “others”)? Well, the fact is that herpes has been dubbed “The Hidden Epidemic.”
Herpes by the NumbersFirst some quick background: HSVs (short for “herpes simplex viruses”) 1 and 2 cause oral and genital herpes (oral herpes is often called cold sores). HSV 1 is traditionally more likely to cause oral herpes while HSV 2 is traditionally more likely to cause genital herpes. However, each viral type can cause the other type of infection, and there is some evidence that HSV-1 is overtaking HSV-2 as the leading cause of genital infection. Read full post Kira Hoffman
Scary STIsWhy does society find sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to be so scary? The answer to this question partly has to do with the fact that much of society shames the open discussion of sex, therefore shaming any discussion of STIs even further. No sexually active person wants to feel like an outcast, and many people who are diagnosed with an STI feel this way. That’s a sad reality. The shame associated with having an STI is often the result of larger social stigmas that are perpetuated through everyday myths. Here are some common myths that perpetuate shame and stigma: Read full post
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